Do you currently operate a 3-wheel motorcycle, or trike, or are you thinking of entering motorcycling on a 3-wheeler? Whether you currently ride a trike and need a safety certification or are seeking training and licensing, the Motorcycle Safety Program offers a 3-Wheel Basic Rider Course (3WBRC). Currently this course is being offered only at our Harley-Davidson of Frederick training center, but we will be expanding it to a few more centers this summer. This course is similar to the 2-Wheel BRC, but the classroom sessions and range exercises are designed specifically for 3-wheel motorcycles.
Three-wheeled motorcycles included the traditional trike, with two wheels in the rear, and reverse trikes, with two wheels in the front. A trike has a seat that is straddled by both the rider and the passenger. To be used in the class a trike should be no more than 60 inches wide and be able to make a complete U-turn in less than 40 feet. Autocycles may not be used in the 3WBRC.
This course is designed for the true novice rider who has little or no riding experience. It includes classroom and riding instruction on the basic riding skills and strategies necessary for an individual to begin to practice street riding. Courses are taught by Motor Vehicle Administration and Motorcycle Safety Foundation certified Instructors/RiderCoaches.
Participants in a 3WBRC should not ride their personal motorcycle to class unless done so legally. Please see the Program's policy about riding a motorcycle to class.
• Individuals who possess a valid driver’s license, a Class “M” (motorcycle) learner’s permit or individuals that are eligible for a learner’s permit may enroll in the 3WBRC. Parents or guardians of individuals under the age of 18 enrolling in the course must sign a consent/release form.
• Wear protective clothing (eye protection, suitable jacket, long pants, full-fingered gloves and over-the-ankle footwear) during the riding portion. Students are encouraged to bring their own helmets, but loan helmets are available at the centers. All helmets must be DOT compliant, fit properly and in good condition with labeling intact. Course participants may bring their riding gear to the first class session for evaluation by the course Instructor. Without the proper gear you will not be permitted to ride.
• Pay the course registration fee to be officially enrolled in a course. You may attempt to enroll in a course as a stand-by student by reporting to the center on the first day of the course and if selected paying the fee by credit or check card.
Course Completion Requirements and Getting Your License
All registered participants will be mailed a Motorcycle Safety Foundation 3-Wheel Basic RiderCourse Student Handbook about a week before their class. To be prepared to participate in the first class session you must read Sections 1 through 6 on pages 1 through 18, Course Introduction through Risk and Riding. Also, Section 16 on pages 46 and 47, Range Preparation.
To pass the course you must participate in all the course sessions and pass a knowledge test and on-cycle test. Riders satisfactorily completing the 3-Wheel Basic Rider Course will receive a Maryland Completion Card.
Riders with a Maryland Driver’s License will also receive a Completion Certificate for the Class M license with a “J” restriction. This restriction only allows you to operate the type of vehicle you tested on.
• A motorcycle learner’s permit is not required to participate.
• Individuals applying for a motorcycle license as a first license will still have to complete the requirements of the Graduated Licensing System and must be eligible to be issued a full license before their Class M License Certificate expires.
• Participants in a 3WBRC are to provide their own vehicle to use in the course. An unregistered vehicle can be used, but it must be titled and insured and transported to and from the training center either on a trailer or in a truck. If you do not have access to a 3-wheeled motorcycle, please contact the Program office for possible options.
• Some insurance companies offer discounts on motorcycle premiums to course graduates.
• Course participants get approximately 14 hours of instruction, 6 hours in the classroom, and 8 hours on-cycle.
• The curriculum is approved by the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration and meets or exceeds the standards set by the Motorcycle Safety Foundation.
• Course participants are required to report to all scheduled sessions regardless of weather.
• Participants are eligible for one retest of both tests.
During the classroom session participants will discuss topics that include responsible riding, selecting proper riding gear and the basic riding skills. Other topics include defensive riding strategies and how to handle a variety of riding situations. On the range participants will practice clutch-throttle control, stopping, turning, shifting and basic crash avoidance skills.
Throughout the course the RiderCoaches evaluate and coach each rider's performance. Participants who do not achieve the minimum performance standards will not be allowed to continue in the course.
To complete the course, riders must pass a knowledge and skill test administered at the end of the course. There is no guarantee that an individual enrolling in this course will pass, or become eligible for a motorcycle license.