Maryland's Graduated Licensing System
A learner's permit allows a new driver to begin the learning process of operating a motor vehicle.
Learner's permit holders under 18 are prohibited from using a wireless communication device (with a blue tooth or hands free) while operating a motor vehicle, except to make an emergency 911 call. Violations may result in a suspension of your driving privilege.
Learner's permit holders under the age of 25 must:
- Hold the learner's permit for a minimum of nine (9) months,
- Maintain a conviction-free driving record, and
- Complete a standardized Maryland MVA approved driver education course consisting of:
- A minimum of 30-hours of classroom instruction and 6-hours behind the wheel instruction training.
- The Maryland driving school will electronically submit verification of completion to the MVA.
New drivers must also present the completed certification page from the practice skills log (with a minimum of at least 60 hours of supervised behind-the-wheel driving and 10 of the practice hours occurring at night) and their unexpired Maryland learner's permit when they arrive for their driving skills test appointment.
If a driver with a learner's permit is convicted of or given a probation before judgment (PBJ) for a moving violation, they are required to hold the permit for a minimum of 9 months following the date they were convicted of a moving violation, or granted the PBJ. They must also meet all of the requirements for a provisional license before they are eligible to take a driving skills test.
- Have completed a Maryland MVA approved standardized driver education program consisting of at least 30 hours of classroom instruction and at least 6 hours of behind-the-wheel instructional training.
- Have completed a practice skills log (with a minimum of at least 14 hours of supervised behind the wheel driving). Three of the practice hours of driving must occur at night.
- Have a completed certification page from the practice skills log.
If an applicant is under 25 years old when a first Maryland learner’s permit is obtained and then turns 25 afterwards, the MVA will permit the applicant to take a driving skills test if the permit has been held for at least 45 days (the 45 days may include the days the applicant held the permit before turning 25). The applicant must have completed at least 14 hours of supervised driving and the required driver’s education program. An eligible supervising driver must have completed the certification page from the practice skills log.
Out-of-state driver’s education certificates are not typically accepted by the MVA. Currently, the MVA has only approved certificates that are issued by the Delaware Board of Education that actually state that the certificate has been approved by the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration. No other out-of-state certificates are currently accepted.
Parents Please Note:
- If a new driver under 18 is cited for a moving violation, the MVA will notify the co-signer.
- Drivers under 18 may have their licenses suspended if the parent, guardian, or co-signer withdraws their consent. Contact the MVA for details.
Things to Remember:
- To obtain a learner's permit, please visit any of the MVA's full-service offices. Your permit will be mailed to you.
- Your driving skills test for a provisional license must be scheduled in advance. Go to mvascheduling.mdot.state.md.us to schedule an appointment.
Please note that if your learner's permit expires, or you are not able to complete or pass the required skills tests before it expires, you will be required to reapply for a new permit. To do so, please:
Everything You Need to Know About Maryland's Graduated Licensing System
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